Dr. Michel Maietta: “The current international definition of a refugee is outdated and poorly limited”

Abdennour Toumi: The question of migrants has been challenging policymakers on the one hand and has worked as a catchy political selling point for right-wing and far-right parties on the other. What makes the issue of migrants move from its purely humanitarian principle to a rhetorical political discourse in the host countries in the West in general and Europe in particular? Dr. Michel Maietta: With economic instability, xenophobic expressions and actions increase. The anxiety fostered by uncertainty and the fear

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Prof. Karim Emile Bitar: “France has had difficulties in facing the dark chapters of its history”

Abdennour Toumi: How would you assess President Emmanuel Macron’s MENA foreign policy? Prof. Karim Emile Bitar: Shortly after he announced his candidacy for the presidential elections, in early 2017, Macron visited Beirut where he gave his first major foreign policy speech at the ESA Business School, which was inaugurated by former president Jacques Chirac in the 90s. This speech was interesting, due to the fact that he touched upon a series of subjects. What he said then can be considered

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Prof. Abdel-Fattah Mady: “The military should not have tutelage over the people and elected institutions”

Abdennour Toumi: François-Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, once said: “While states have armies, the Prussian Army has a state.” What are the reasons for the idea that Arab armies have states? Is this idea accepted in terms of military influence on societal spaces in Arab countries? Prof. Abdel-Fattah Mady: In the Arab world, we must be very careful when we touch on these words. In general, armies in third world countries emerged in different contexts from those in which European

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Asst. Prof. Imran Ashraf: “The Taliban can only serve the Afghan people by following a global perspective of development”

Abdennour Toumi: The Taliban have formed a caretaker government, weeks after they took control of the country. What is your take on their new way of governing? How will the Taliban’s new caretaker government deliver for the Afghan people? Asst. Prof. Imran Ashraf: The Taliban’s new political set-up in Afghanistan, in contrast to their government from 1996 to 2001, has four distinct features. The first of these is that the Taliban’s leadership is willing and trying to be engaged with

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Prof. Khattar Abou Diab: “It is a fact that Lebanon is under the influence of Hezbollah”

Abdennour Toumi: Lebanon is currently experiencing developments that could take the Lebanese people back to the painful years of the civil war. What are the options for the next government and political activities in the country? What is the main reason for the immediate interruption of the work of the Saad al-Hariri government? Prof. Khattar Abou Diab: Lebanon has been grappling with deep political, economic, and social problems for some time. The economic crisis in Lebanon in recent years, in

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