Why is Al-Sadr delaying his knockout?

Since Muqtada al-Sadr announced his withdrawal from Iraq’s political process and resorted to people’s choices and will to achieve change in the deteriorating conditions of the country, he has been practicing a policy of popular pressure and gradual escalation against his adversaries. These adversaries

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David Powell: “Media in the Middle East is largely under the influence of the government”

Abdennour Toumi: The media played a key role in mobilizing the first wave of Arab uprisings between 2010 and 2011 but played a far more negative role in the transitions which followed. What went wrong? David Powell: The mainstream Arab media, particularly the pan-Arab regional media, certainly played a role in promoting the astonishing spread of uprisings and revolutions that started in Tunisia in later 2010 and spread to several Arab countries the following year. In Tunisia, the protests against


Dr. Carole Nakhle: “The MENA region’s natural resources wealth has not properly translated into strong economies”

Abdennour Toumi: Energy policies in the MENA region are witnessing historic and important transformations. What are the repercussions of these developments on the geopolitical situation in the MENA region and on the economic relations with the major global and regional powers, such as the US, China, Russia, and the EU? Dr. Carole Nakhle: Any oil and gas producer ought to feel the pressure from the intensifying global fight against climate change, since to achieve the scientifically recommended reduction in carbon


Prof. Hanns Maull: “I do not consider Russia as a superpower in the same league as the US and China”

Abdennour Toumi: With the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war, could you tell us how the relations between Moscow and Beijing would go from China’s perspective? Prof. Hanns Maull: China seems to have been surprised by the war and its dimensions, and it will find this conflict uncomfortable. China has a strategic partnership with Ukraine, which also takes part in its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Therefore, China would like to see this war end with a stable peace settlement, but it has


Prof. Don McLain Gill: “Turkey has proven to be a key mediator in the Russia-Ukraine crisis with partnerships on both sides”

Abdennour Toumi: Twenty days have passed since the war between Russia and Ukraine broke out. What is your take on the geopolitical and geoeconomic impacts of this conflict on the neighboring countries and the rest of the world? Prof. Don McLain Gill: The unfolding situation in Ukraine has numerous political and economic impacts on the strategic calculations of states in the international system. The crisis has shown how many states in Asia, Africa, and Latin America continue to demonstrate their


Maha Saleh: “The desire of Arab women to be active in important settings is clear”

Abdennour Toumi: The problem of women in the Arab world is recognized as one of the most complex social problems. Are you satisfied with the success of Arab and Eastern women today, especially in society? Maha Saleh: First of all, I would like to state that this issue is sensitive and complex. As you said, I cannot say that I fully agree with the activities on political, economic, and social factors and the initiatives taken within the health, education, and

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