Prof. Khattar Abou Diab: “It is a fact that Lebanon is under the influence of Hezbollah”

Abdennour Toumi: Lebanon is currently experiencing developments that could take the Lebanese people back to the painful years of the civil war. What are the options for the next government and political activities in the country? What is the main reason for the immediate interruption of the work of the Saad al-Hariri government? Khattar Abou Diab: Lebanon has been grappling with deep political, economic, and social problems for some time. The economic crisis in Lebanon in recent years, in addition

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Prof. Yahia H. Zoubir: “Elections in Algeria historically do not reflect reality nor what is enshrined in the constitution”

Abdennour Toumi:  Algeria has gone through pre-legislative elections on June 12, which led to the National Liberation Front (FLN) leading the results of these elections. The FLN is calculated on the variable of continuity and not the break that was a legitimate demand in the peaceful movement of 2019. What are the options of the administration of President Abdelmadjid Tebboune and the political events arising from the new political structure produced by the June 12 elections? Prof. Yahia Zoubir: The

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Prof. Bertrand Badie: “The Biden administration cannot stop Israel and bring the Palestinian crisis to a new stage”

Abdennour Toumi: How would you describe the main directions of France’s Middle East policy? Prof. Bertrand Badie: To understand France’s policy in the Middle East, we need to look to the past. When the Arab-Israeli war broke out in 1967, France, under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle, had an Arab policy capable of transforming power. This policy has three axes that no longer exist today. The first axis is that, in the bipolar political system brought by the Cold

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Prof. Anoush Ehteshami: “The notion of pan-Arabism has dissipated since the 2010s”

Abdennour Toumi: What is the thing that caught your interest the most about the MENA region, politically and geopolitically, in the 21st century evolution? Prof. Anoush Ehteshami: There have been publications written about the twentieth century, and much of the twentieth century was described as the shortest century because so much happened in such a short period of time. For example, two World Wars that shaped the rest of the century happened during this period. I fear that within this

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Prof. Olivier Roy: “The lasting effects of the Arab Spring will shape the future of the region”

What are the new political and geopolitical imperatives that changed the MENA region in the aftermath of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the Arab uprisings of 2011 and 2019? Professor Olivier Roy: The first point is the weakening of what remains of pan-Arabism and Arab nationalism. Even though we knew that it was more rhetoric than a real strategy, there was an apparent consensus on symbols, such as support for the Palestinian cause, especially as public opinion

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