The UN Human Rights Council has agreed to launch an open-ended international investigation into violations during the 11-day conflict between Israel and Palestinian groups in Gaza, and into “systematic” abuses in the occupied Palestinian territories and inside Israel.
By a vote of 24 states in favor, nine against, and 14 abstentions, the 47-member forum adopted a resolution after an all-day special session on Thursday brought by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the Palestinian delegation to the United Nations.
The resolution calls for the creation of a permanent Commission of Inquiry (COI) – the most potent tool at the council’s disposal – to monitor and report on rights violations in Israel, Gaza, and the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem. It would be the first such COI with an “ongoing” mandate.
According to the text, the commission is also to investigate “all underlying root causes of recurrent tensions, instability and protraction of conflict” including discrimination and repression.
The investigation will focus on establishing facts and gather evidence for legal proceedings, and will aim to identify perpetrators to ensure they are held accountable, it said. Israel said it would not cooperate with the probe.
“Today’s shameful decision is yet another example of the UN Human Rights Council’s blatant anti-Israel obsession,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in a statement. “This travesty makes a mockery of international law and encourages terrorists worldwide.”
A spokesman for the Palestinian group Hamas which governs Gaza welcomed the investigation, calling its own actions “legitimate resistance”, and urging “immediate steps to punish” Israel. The Palestinian Authority welcomed the resolution, saying it amounted to the “international recognition of Israel’s systemic oppression and discrimination against the Palestinian people”.
“This reality of apartheid and impunity can no longer be ignored,” it added. The United States said that it deeply regretted the decision. “The action today instead threatens to imperil the progress that has been made,” said the statement issued by the US Mission to the UN in Geneva.
The UN initiative comes as an 11-day conflict between Hamas and Israel ended on May 21, where Israeli air raids and artillery fire on the besieged Gaza Strip killed 254 Palestinians, including 66 children, and injured over 1,900 people.